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Not Because of Israel`s Righteousness...
`Hear, O Yisra`el: You are passing over the Yarden today, to go in to dispossess nations greater and stronger than yourself, cities great and walled up to the heavens,
a people great and tall, the descendants of the Anaqim, whom you know, and of whom you heard it said, 'Who does stand before the descendants of Anaq?'
'And you shall know today that YHWH your Elohim is He who is passing over before you as a consuming fire - He does destroy them and subdue them before you. So you shall dispossess them and destroy them quickly, as YHWH has said to you.
'Do not think in your heart, after YHWH your Elohim has driven them out before you, saying, 'Because of my righteousness YHWH has brought me in to possess this land.' But it is because of the wrong of these nations that YHWH is driving them out from before you.
'It is not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you go in to possess their land, but because of the wrong of these nations that YHWH your Elohim drives them out from before you, in order to establish the word which YHWH swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Yitshaq, and to Ya'aqob.
'And you shall know that YHWH your Elohim is not giving you this good land to possess because of your righteousness, for you are a stiff-necked people.
The Golden Calf...
`Remember, do not forget how you provoked to wrath YHWH your Elohim in the wilderness. From the day that you came out of the land of Mitsrayim until you came to this place, you have been rebellious against YHWH.
'Even in Horeb you made YHWH wroth, so that YHWH was enraged with you, to destroy you.
'When I went up into the mountain to receive the tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant which YHWH made with you, then I stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights. I did not eat bread nor did I drink water.
'Then YHWH gave me the two tablets of stone written with the finger of Elohim, and on them were all the Words which YHWH had spoken to you on the mountain from the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly.
'And it came to be, at the end of forty days and forty nights, that YHWH gave me the two tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant.
'Then YHWH said to me, 'Arise, go down quickly from here, for your people whom you brought out of Mitsrayim have acted corruptly. They have quickly turned aside from the way which I commanded them, they have made themselves a moulded image.'
'And YHWH spoke to me, saying, 'I have seen this people, and look, they are a stiff-necked people.
'Leave Me alone, so that I destroy them and blot out their name from under the heavens, and make of you a nation stronger and greater than they.'
'So I turned and came down from the mountain, and the mountain burned with fire. And the two tablets of the covenant were in my two hands.
'And I looked and saw that you had sinned against YHWH your Elohim, and had made for yourselves a moulded calf! You had quickly turned aside from the way which YHWH had commanded you.
'And I took the two tablets and threw them out of my two hands and broke them before your eyes,
'and I fell down before YHWH, as at the first, forty days and forty nights. I did not eat bread and I did not drink water, because of all your sins which you committed in doing evil in the eyes of YHWH, to provoke Him.
'For I was afraid of the displeasure and rage with which YHWH was wroth with you, to destroy you. But YHWH listened to me that time once more.
'And YHWH was very enraged with Aharon, to destroy him, so I prayed for Aharon at that time also.
'And I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burned it with fire and crushed it and ground it very small, until it was as fine as dust. And I threw its dust into the stream that came down from the mountain.
'And at Tab'erah and at Massah and at Qibroth Hatta'awah you made YHWH wroth.
'And when YHWH sent you from Qadesh Barnea, saying, 'Go up and possess the land which I have given you,' then you rebelled against the mouth of YHWH your Elohim, and you neither trusted Him nor listened to His voice.
'You have been rebellious against YHWH from the day that I knew you.
'So I fell down before YHWH the forty days and forty nights, for I fell down because YHWH had said He would destroy you.
'And I prayed to YHWH, and said, 'O Master YHWH, do not destroy Your people and Your inheritance whom You have redeemed in Your greatness, whom You have brought out of Mitsrayim with a strong hand.
'Remember Your servants, Abraham, Yitshaq, and Ya'aqob. Do not look on the stubbornness of this people, or on their wrong or on their sin,
lest the land from which You brought us should say, 'Because YHWH was not able to bring them to the land which He promised them, and because He hated them, He has brought them out to kill them in the wilderness.'
'And they are Your people and Your inheritance, whom You brought out by Your great power and by Your outstretched arm.'