1 Samuel 17
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1 Samuel 17
David and Goliath...
And the Philistines had gathered their armies for battle, and came together at Sokoh, which belongs to Yehudah, and encamped between Sokoh and Azeqah, in Ephes Dammim.
And Sha'ul and the men of Yisra'el were gathered and encamped in the Valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array to meet the Philistines.
And the Philistines stood on a mountain on one side, and Yisra'el stood on a mountain on the other side, with the valley between them.
Then a champion came out from the camp of the Philistines, named Golyath, from Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.
And a bronze helmet was on his head, and he was armed with a scaled armour, and the weight of the coat was five thousand sheqels of bronze,
and bronze shin guards on his legs and a bronze spear between his shoulders.
And the wood of his spear was like a weaver's beam, and his iron spearhead weighed six hundred sheqels, and a shield-bearer went before him.
And he stood and shouted to the armies of Yisra'el, and said to them, 'Why have you come out to line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and you the servants of Sha'ul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.
'If he is able to fight with me, and shall smite me, then we shall be your servants. But if I overcome him and shall smite him, then you shall be our servants and serve us.'
Then the Philistine said, 'This day I shall reproach the armies of Yisra'el. Give me a man, and let us fight together.'
And Sha'ul and all Yisra'el heard these words of the Philistine, and they were broken down and in great fear.
Now Dawid was the son of that Ephrathite of Beyth Lehem in Yehudah, whose name was Yishai, and he had eight sons, and in the days of Sha'ul the man was old among men.
And the three oldest sons of Yishai went, they had gone to follow Sha'ul to the battle, and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliyab the first-born, and his second Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
And Dawid was the youngest. And the three oldest followed Sha'ul,
but Dawid went and returned from Sha'ul to feed his father's sheep at Beyth Lehem.
And for forty days the Philistine drew near, morning and evening, and took his stand.
Then Yishai said to his son Dawid, 'Please take to your brothers an ephah of this dried grain and these ten loaves, and run to your brothers at the camp.
'And take these ten cheeses to the commander of the thousand, and see how your brothers are, and bring back news of them.'
For Sha'ul and they and all the men of Yisra'el were in the Valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
And Dawid rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a herdsman, and took and went as Yishai had commanded him. And he came to the camp as the army was going out to the fight, and they shouted for the battle.
And Yisra'el and the Philistines drew up in battle array, army against army.
And Dawid left his supplies in the hand of the keeper of the supplies, and ran to the army, and came and greeted his brothers.
And he was speaking with them and saw the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Golyath by name, coming up from the armies of the Philistines. And he spoke according to the same words, and Dawid heard.
And all the men of Yisra'el, when they saw the man, ran from him and were in great fear.
And the men of Yisra'el said, 'Have you seen this man who has come up? For he has come up to reproach Yisra'el. And it shall be that the man who smites him, the sovereign is going to enrich him with great riches, and give him his daughter, and give his father's house exemption in Yisra'el.'
And Dawid spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, 'What shall be done for the man who smites this Philistine and shall take away reproach from Yisra'el? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should reproach the armies of the living Elohim?'
And the people answered him according to this word, saying, 'This is what is done for the man who smites him.'
And Eliyab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men. And Eliyab's displeasure burned against Dawid, and he said, 'Why did you come down here? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the evil of your heart, for you have come down to see the battle.'
And Dawid said, 'Now what have I done? Was it not but a word?'
And he turned around from him toward another and said the same word. And these people answered him a word like the first word.
And when the words which Dawid spoke were heard, they reported them to Sha'ul, and he sent for him.
And Dawid said to Sha'ul, 'Let no man's heart fail because of him, your servant is going, and shall fight with this Philistine.'
And Sha'ul said to Dawid, 'You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him, for you are but a youth, and he a man of battle from his youth.'
Then Dawid said to Sha'ul, 'Your servant has been tending sheep for his father, and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock,
I went out after it and smote it, and rescued it from its mouth. And when it rose against me, I caught it by its beard, and smote it and killed it.
'Your servant has smitten both lion and bear. And this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, seeing he has reproached the armies of the living Elohim.'
And Dawid said, ' YHWH, who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He does deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.' And Sha'ul said to Dawid, 'Go, and YHWH be with you!'
And Sha'ul dressed Dawid with his garments, and he put a bronze helmet on his head, and put a coat of armour on him.
And Dawid girded his sword over his garments, and began to go, but he had not tried them. Then Dawid said to Sha'ul, 'I am not able to go with these, for I have not tried them.' So Dawid took them off.
And he took his staff in his hand, and chose for himself five smooth stones from the wadi, and put them in a shepherd's bag, in a pouch which he had, and his sling was in his hand. And he drew near to the Philistine.
And the Philistine came, and began drawing near to Dawid, and the man who bore the shield went before him.
And when the Philistine looked about and saw Dawid, he despised him, for he was a youth, and ruddy and good-looking.
And the Philistine said to Dawid, 'Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?' And the Philistine cursed Dawid by his mighty ones.
And the Philistine said to Dawid, 'Come to me, and I give your flesh to the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the field!'
But Dawid said to the Philistine, 'You come to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a javelin. But I come to you in the Name of YHWH of hosts, the Elohim of the armies of Yisra'el, whom you have reproached.
'This day YHWH shall deliver you into my hand, and I shall smite you and take your head from you, and give the carcasses of the camp of the Philistines today to the birds of the heavens and the wild beasts of the earth, so that all the earth know that Elohim is for Yisra'el,
and all this assembly know that YHWH does not save with sword and spear, for the battle belongs to YHWH, and He shall give you into our hands.'
And it came to be, when the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet Dawid, that Dawid hurried and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
And Dawid put his hand in his bag and took out a stone, and slung it and smote the Philistine on his forehead, so that the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the ground.
Thus Dawid prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and smote the Philistine and killed him, and there was no sword in the hand of Dawid.
Then Dawid ran and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. And when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
And the men of Yisra'el and Yehudah arose and shouted, and pursued the Philistines as far as the entrance of the valley and to the gates of Eqron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell along the way to Sha'arayim, even as far as Gath and Eqron.
Then the children of Yisra'el turned back from chasing the Philistines, and they plundered their camps.
And Dawid took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Yerushalayim, but he put his weapons in his tent.
And when Sha'ul saw Dawid going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the commander of the army, 'Abner, whose son is this youth?' And Abner said, 'As your being lives, O sovereign, I do not know.'
And the sovereign said, 'Ask whose son this young man is.'
And when Dawid returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Sha'ul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
And Sha'ul said to him, 'Whose son are you, young man?' And Dawid said, 'The son of your servant Yishai the Beyth Lehemite.'
|1 Samuel 17|